What is attention deficit disorder in children?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a disease associated with impaired development of the child’s nervous system. Most often, the disease manifests itself at the age of seven years or with the start of regular education (in school or in a preparatory group). ADHD is characterized by inattention and high distraction of the child in almost all occupations, excessive motor activity, impulsive behavior, problems in social communication.
ADHD is one of the most common chronic diseases in children. Distinguish forms with a predominance of hyperactivity, with a predominance of inattention and impulsiveness, or combined.
ADHD is a medical diagnosis that a neurologist or psychiatrist can deliver after a detailed examination of the child, questioning and counseling of the parents. The syndrome has been studied by scientists for more than twenty years and, according to research, between 4 and 12% of school-age children suffer from ADHD. Disease is the most common cause of school failure and difficulties in communication. And if to an adult age the person all the same learns to restrain the excessive activity, absentmindedness, impulsiveness and difficulties with concentration of attention without timely therapy remain at the patient forever and can essentially influence its ability to live.
The causes of ADHD in children
Patients with ADHD are often accused of lack of discipline, although the reasons for this behavior are not features of nature, but a violation of the development of the nervous system. A study of the development of the child’s brain allows one to connect the appearance of such disorders with relatively unstable and difficult localized deviations in the development of the central nervous system at the earliest stages of development.
Symptoms of this disease include difficulty concentrating, restlessness, impulsiveness, excessive motor activity, difficulty in organizing and controlling behavior. This leads to problems in learning, in communicating with peers and parents. In the absence of timely treatment, even in adulthood, there is a pronounced socio-psychological disadaptation.
Methods of treating ADHD in children in the EMC clinic.
The treatment of ADHD always requires an integrated approach. In EMC clinics in Moscow, experienced doctors diagnose and treat attention deficit disorder in children using the most effective set of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques:
• Neuropsychological rehabilitation – classes with a specialist neuropsychologist, during which the child performs a special set of motor and mental exercises aimed at correcting and training individual mental operations and abilities, forming self-control skills.
• Psychotherapeutic assistance to a child and his family, including counseling of a psychotherapist, trainings for effective child-parental communication, development of social interaction skills.
• Pharmacotherapy – an individually selected course of treatment with modern drugs with proven efficacy like Adderall 30mg online or Ritalin.
• Biological feedback (BOS) is the most modern high-tech method of treatment, providing training of the child’s self-regulation of his states with the help of computer game tasks, by performing which he learns to control various indicators of brain function recorded by special equipment.
The tactics of treating ADHD in EMC suggests that pharmacotherapy is prescribed by a neurologist only when it is really necessary. Drug treatment is minimized, and a key role is assigned to psychotherapeutic care and training the child to self-control mechanisms. ( mediattics.com )